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With all of the hype and history of misinformation surrounding cannabis, many people are still asking, “What is CBD?” The long maligned Cannabis sativa plant has many helpful properties, thanks to the beneficial compounds it contains.
These compounds are known as cannabinoids, and there are more than 100 which have been identified, at least 85 of which can be classed as “active compounds. By far the best known and most studied cannabinoids of them all is cannabidiol, more casually known as CBD.
This compound interacts with the human body to provide a wealth of health and wellness benefits. Understanding what CBD is, how it is derived, and what constitutes a legal CBD source is critical to using CBD responsibly.
CBD is usually extracted from a specialized type of Cannabis sativa plant called hemp, which is cultivated for industrial and medical use. Hemp is bred to contain high amounts of CBD and low amounts of other cannabinoids, some of which have historically been considered to be controlled or illegal substances.
The most regulated cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It has psychoactive effects (meaning it can make people feel “high”). By federal law, industrial or medicinal hemp cannot contain more than 0.3% THC. Any hemp with a higher than 0.3% THC ratio is classified as marijuana. All Yummy CBD products are made from high-quality hemp with less than 0.3% THC.
Another cannabis strain, Cannabis indica, typically has a much higher THC ratio than Cannabis sativa. It is usually grown specifically to obtain the psychoactive effects and used as a source of marijuana. This strain of cannabis is not used to produce legal CBD products.
Terpenes are another type of compound found in cannabis plants and are found in full spectrum CBD products. The type of terpenes a plant has determine things like its color, smell, and taste.
These compounds haven’t been as heavily studied as cannabinoids, but thee terpenes present in different strains of sativa plants are thought to have similar effects to cannabinoids or be able to enhance the effects of cannabinoids. Terpenes contain no THC and thus aren’t regulated like THC containing products.
Using full spectrum CBD products – such as those available from Yummy CBD – that also contain terpenes and other cannabinoids can provide what is known as the “entourage effect”, which may be more effective than using CBD isolates alone.
Hemp oil can describe a broad range of oil products that can contain CBD as well as other cannabinoids; cannabinoids plus other properties from the hemp plant, such as terpenes; or even simply hemp oil extracted from the seeds of the plant without any cannabinoids.
This leaves a lot open to interpretation. Hemp oil and CBD oil are not interchangeable, and hemp oil products can be extremely inconsistent in their strength and efficacy. If you’re looking to leverage the benefits of CBD, look for CBD “derived from hemp” products. For Yummy CBD’s full line of products, we exclusively use organic American hemp.
Surprise: Cannabinoids are also manufactured by the human body. These cannabinoids are known as “endocannabinoids”, while plant-based cannabinoids – like CBD – are known as phytocannabinoids.
Humans have endocannabinoid receptors located in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Endocannabinoids are produced as needed by the body and interact with these receptors to send messages about necessary metabolic functions.
As it turns out, these endocannabinoid receptors will also interact with phytocannabinoids (plant-based cannabinoids). This means that phytocannabinoids can be used to influence the body in many of the same natural ways that endocannabinoids do.
Homeostasis is a healthy state of the body in relation to balance and internal stability, particularly in respect to unknown or external factors that can act is disruptors against how the body should perform.
The endocannabinoid system is designed to help promote homeostasis. As a phytocannabinoid, CBD can be used to assist this function by interacting with the ECS in the same way as endocannabinoids do.
When CBD is absorbed into the bloodstream, it can start interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system. Absorption can happen through several different means. The method of absorption can effect how bioavailable the CBD is – in other words, how much of it is available for the body to use.
Different people find that different absorption methods work best for them. It may take some trial and error to find out which method is best for you. The four most common methods of CBD absorption are:
Sublingual means “below tongue”. This method is exactly that: Placing drops of CBD oil or tincture under the tongue and letting it absorb into the soft tissues. For most people, absorption into the bloodstream occurs in as little as 15 to 30 minutes, and effects from the CBD can last for several hours or more. The CBD tincture should be carefully manufactured and controlled so every drop of oil contains the same amount of CBD so you get consistent results. All Yummy CBD products go through independent third-party lab testing to guarantee purity and potency.
If your CBD has been packaged in an ingestible form, you can “eat” or swallow your CBD. The most common way to create fast absorption ingestive CBD is to put the oil in capsules, softgels, or gummies. Using this method can take a lot longer to produce effects since the CBD has to go through part of the digestive system and be metabolized, which releases the CBD as it is broken down. However, for some people this slower method works best and they don’t experience such a sharp a transition between when it starts to take effect or when it starts to wear off.
CBD can be absorbed through the skin, but it won’t reach the main bloodstream. However, it can penetrate into muscle tissue, especially if mixed with other medicinal substances like menthol. CBD can be packaged in a bath bomb, a roller, a lotion, or a cream for topical absorption; and moisturizers, gels, and even patches can be used as needed. While you won’t get the same effects of CBD as you do when you absorb it into the bloodstream where it can react with the ECS, it’s reported that CBD supplemented medicinal topicals can help with aches and pains.
CBD is most commonly sold as an oil tincture or a gummy. Both of these products are shelf stable and keep well. They are also relatively easy to manufacture and control, ensuring each drop of oil or gummy has a reliable dose of CBD for consistent effects.
Yummy CBD creates CBD oil tincture using organic hemp extract sourced from U.S. farmers, infused into an organic MCT (medium-chain triglyceride) coconut oil carrier. MCT is a fatty acid which is quickly metabolized, absorbed, and used for energy by the body rather than being stored as fat.
Yummy CBD has two types of CBD oil tinctures:
Each bottle contains 30 mL of CBD oil tincture. One mL is approximately 20 drops. Some people use only a few drops at a time, while others prefer to use half a dropperful for the whole mL at a time. You can mix and match your regular and sleep versions, using the Organic Orange Zest early in the day to promote mobility and wellbeing and the Mellow Mint Sleep formula at night to help promote healthy sleep.
Yummy CBD has two types of CBD gummies:
Each bag contains 30 gummies. Some people only eat one gummy a day, while others eat several. As with the CBD oil, you can use different types of gummies at different times of day for the desired results.
At this time, there is one FDA approved drug that contains CBD. It’s called Epidiolex and was approved in 2018 as a treatment for seizures connected to three specific disorders seen in children. A prescription is required for this drug, and it is most commonly prescribed for children.
The 2014 Federal Farm Bill made it possible for state governments to legally grow and research industrial hemp, and reclassified hemp and hemp-derived products with less than 0.3 percent THC as a separate type of cannabis than marijuana. This made it possible for CBD products to be manufactured and sold.
As a rule of thumb, if CBD comes from a plant classified as hemp, it’s legal. If it comes form a plant classified as marijuana, it’s illegal. What makes a plant hemp or marijuana is the THC content. If it has less than 0.3% THC, it is hemp. If it has more than 0.3% THC, it is marijuana.
Industrial hemp-derived CBD with less than 0.1% THC was also removed from the Federal Controlled Substance List as a Schedule I drug in 2018. Currently, CBD is technically legal in all 50 states, but specific laws concerning it vary from state to state. So be sure to check the laws pertaining to your specific state.
The best way to ensure that you are buying legal CBD is to do your homework and look closely into the company you are buying CBD products from. Here’s what you should check:
Labels should always show three things: (1) The total potency (how much CBD in mg is in the entire bag or bottle); (2) the number of servings in the bottle or bag; and (3) the individual potency or mg per serving.
Your CBD product needs to be from grown and harvested American hemp. This is very important. If it’s not hemp, it might not be a proven legal CBD product.
A Certificate of Analysis is a potency report issued after a batch of CBD is tested by an independent third-party laboratory. This lab result should be on the label as a barcode or QR code, or provided upon request.
CBD doesn’t show up on drugs tests, but THC can – even trace amounts present from full spectrum CBD products derived from hemp with under .3% THC. This means anyone who thinks they may be subjected to a drug test should be aware before taking a full spectrum CBD product that you could ping positive due to the trace amount of THC, even though it may only be a trace amount from a legal hemp-derived CBD oil or gummy.
Now that you know the answer to the question “What is CBD?”, check out our helpful CBD Buyer’s Guide or visit our SHOP page to find CBD oil tinctures and CBD gummies designed with your health and wellbeing in mind.
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