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Ever see the word “broad-spectrum” or “full-spectrum” on CBD product packaging or advertisements, and wondered what it meant? There is an entire spectrum of CBD extraction and product manufacturing, ranging from pure CBD to a product that includes many more compounds found in the hemp plant.
Understanding the difference between isolate versus. broad spectrum versus full spectrum CBD is important to evaluate the effects CBD has on your body and choosing the most effective option for you.
There are more than 400 active chemical compounds in the hemp plant. Compounds include cannabinoids, terpenes, phenols, alkaloids, and flavonoids. Of these, cannabinoids and terpenes have been found to be the most effective at interacting with the human body.
Among cannabinoids, the two that are the most well known and prolific in the plants are CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). CBD is known for its reputed anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, while THC is a psychoactive compound that can lead to feelings of euphoria.
Most people associate CBD with holistic treatment, leading to a relaxed mood, better sleep, and improved pain management. THC is commonly associated with smoking cannabis or eating an edible for the purpose of “getting high”.
There are many different types and strains of cannabis. The only kind that is covered under federal law for legal CBD is certain strains of the Cannabis sativa plant. Cannabis Sativa contains some of the highest concentrations of CBD, but what makes it legal is the very low amount of THC.
The federal government legalized cannabis with a THC content of less than .3% to be used for CBD. To be legal, CBD must be extracted from Cannabis Sativa plants that meet this definition. These strains are known as “industrial hemp” as opposed to strains which contain more THC which are classified as “marijuana.”
Most people looking for a CBD product have at least some basic knowledge about CBD and the what it might be able to do for them. However, many aren’t aware that there are many other cannabinoids in the hemp plant that may also be beneficial to their wellbeing.
CBN is a cannabinoid that occurs when THC oxidizes as the raw hemp plant matures. It’s not extremely psychoactive like THC, so it doesn’t have an intoxicating effect. It has been shown to possess relaxing qualities and may boost the sleep-related benefits of CBD.
CBN may also interact with the immune system and provide neuroprotective benefits. It has been shown to boost certain deep level functions of the body for subtle changes in how stressors are handled by modulating immune response. CBN may also serve as an antiinflammatory and antibacterial, stimulate the appetite, or assist in regulating sleep.
CBG is another non-intoxicating cannabinoid. This one is produced from cannabigerolic acid during decarboxylation, another oxidation process. CBG is very similar structurally to CBD but works differently on receptors in the body. Many researchers believe CBG is capable of affecting both neuropathic pain and inflammatory pain.
CBG appears to work by strengthening the function of anandamide, a natural neurotransmitter that is related to tasks like alleviating pain and reducing inflammation – or enhancing pleasure and motivation. It’s also thought to have antibacterial benefits. CBG has also been shown to positively affect the processes of regulating sleep and appetite and improving function of the digestive system.
CBC is the third most common cannabinoid and is thought to have both anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial functions. It’s often called the ”mother of all cannabinoids.” CBC has been linked to neuroprotection and neuro-regeneration – leading some to call it the brain food of the cannabinoid family.
In addition to being non-intoxicating like CBD, CBC can have the same general affects as its better known cousin, even though it is structurally quite different from CBD. So far, research has linked CBC with both analgesic and cancer benefits and has shown that it boosts the power and efficacy of CBD.
Legal CBD oil can be sold across a spectrum of included cannabis compounds. There are three divisions: CBD isolate, broad spectrum CBD, and full spectrum CBD. Your CBD choices should always be clearly labeled by the manufacturer and seller so you know exactly what you are buying and what to expect.
When industrial hemp is processed, each chemical compound can be isolated. Unwanted compounds can be stripped away to leave the profile the manufacturer wants. Which cannabinoids and other compounds wind up in the finished product will determine how it is classified on the spectrum.
If everything is stripped away except CBD alone, the result is pure CBD isolate. This means there are no other compounds left; no terpenes, no flavonoids, and no THC. CBD isolate is usually infused into a clean carrier oil and sold as a pure product. It’s at the bottom of the spectrum and has the mildest effects of all CBD products.
Some people choose CBD isolate thinking it is somehow safer or more reliable than broad spectrum of full spectrum CBD products. The only real benefit to CBD isolate is that there is zero THC in it. This may feel like an advantage to some, but there is a major disadvantage, and that’s that CBD all by itself is far less effective than CBD working in concert with other cannabis-derived compounds.
The power of CBD to positively affect the human body spurred investigation. As research into CBD continued, scientists began to notice that while CBD has many beneficial effects on its own, these effects are magnified when CBD is taken along with other chemical compounds from the hemp plant.
This synergistic ability of various hemp-derived compounds to work together is known as the entourage effect. When CBD is joined by other cannabinoids as well as terpenes from the hemp plant, its effects on the human body may be intensified or the length of time it is effective may be lengthened.
Broad spectrum CBD can vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, but the basic idea is to leave more compounds from the hemp plant in the final extraction. This can mean lesser known cannabinoids as well as terpenes and other chemical compound may be utilized to help increase and enhance the effects of the CBD as part of a broad spectrum CBD product.
Finally, we have full-spectrum CBD, which means all of the chemical compounds from the hemp plant are extracted. This includes the non-psychoactive cannabinoids, terpenes, other chemical compounds, and – the important differentiator – THC.
The amount of THC in legal, full spectrum CBD products is so small that is is officially called a “trace”. Remember, it’s from a plant with less than .3% THC content. It’s not enough to create any psychoactive sensations, but just enough to give the CBD an added boost as part of the entourage effect.
This allows the entourage effects to be fully optimized, as every beneficial part of the hemp plant is kept in play to deliver maximized results. When you take full-spectrum CBD, you’ll probably notice that it works better than board-spectrum options or CBD isolate.
That’s because added chemical compounds affect cannabinoid receptors in your body’s natural endocannabinoid system (ECS) by helping to determine which cannabinoid molecules are allowed to bind or communicate with them
Full-spectrum CBD has ben shown to provide a better response because it uses all of the active compounds from the entire hemp plant, instead of just CBD isolate or a cherry-picked selection of compounds in a broad-spectrum CBD product.
You can look at CBD isolate or broad spectrum versus full spectrum CBD kind of like you do a meal. Isolate is a single plate with a single item on it. Broad-spectrum is a plate that has a variety of foods on it. Full-spectrum is an entire buffet, with everything blended perfectly for an ideal experience.
All Yummy CBD products are full-spectrum. This allows you to get the best possible benefits from your CBD usage. You can choose between an CBD oil tincture or a CBD gummy, and between daytime and night-time versions so you always get just what you need.
The entire spectrum of CBD is valuable. However some people may have reservations about using full-spectrum CBD from the jump. Fortunately, there are benefits to both types of CBD.
Broad-spectrum CBD rapidly became popular because it seems to bridge the divide between the purest CBD isolate option and the full-spectrum option. Broad-spectrum provides a comfortable middle ground for CBD users on the fence.
For many people, the sticking point for full-spectrum products is the trace amount of THC – for whatever reason, they may want to be able to say they don’t use any THC-linked products, even if the products are 100% legal in every state.
Broad-spectrum does let you say that you use no THC and be backed up by the science. However, if you try broad-spectrum products and then full-spectrum products, you’ll probably be able to easily tell the difference in efficacy and longevity of your effects.
Broad-spectrum can be an excellent stepping stone from CBD isolate to fullspectrum CBD. It may offer some benefits of the entourage effect and greater overall benefits than CBD isolates, and show that a wider spectrum of compounds does work better.
The benefits of full-spectrum CBD have been founds to be many and varied. Research shows it can help with many common complaints such as anxiety, sleeplessness, and pain. With broad-spectrum CBD, beneficial effects may be prolonged and enhanced. Also, you might find you’re getting even more relief from your symptoms with full-spectrum CBD.
Many people switch from isolate to broad-spectrum, then to full-spectrum after learning more about the value of additional cannabinoids and terpenes. Since everyone’s body processes hemp compounds differently, we encourage you to try different full-spectrum products to see what works best for you.
All of our products are made from fully legal and compliant hemp-derived CBD, and are full-spectrum for maximum efficacy.
Our CBD oil tinctures are full-spectrum CBD in a coconut oil base. You take the tincture by putting it under your tongue using the provided dropper. The CBD enters the capillaries, or tiny blood vessels, in the sublingual tissue and gets into your blood stream fast.
We offer Orange Zest Organic CBD Oil, which contains 33mg of CBD per mL, or Mellow Mint Sleep CBD Oil, which contains 67mg of CBD plus 1mg of Melatonin per mL. Each bottle contains 30 mL of CBD oil tincture, and most people take 1-2 1mL servings a day.
Our CBD gummies are full-spectrum CBD in a delicious candy gummy base. You don’t ever have to measure anything, just pop one or more CBD gummies in your mouth and enjoy. The CBD gets into your bloodstream a little more slowly, because it goes through your digestive system.
You can choose between Fruity Delight Original Gummies, which contain 24mg of CBD per gummy, or Fruitful Dreams Sleep Gummies, which contain 24mg of CBD plus 1mg of Melatonin per gummy. Each pouch contains 30 gummies, and most people eat 1-4 gummies a day.
Full-spectrum CBD is the ultimate choice for most people, simply because it works better than broad-spectrum CBD when it comes to health and wellness issues like sleep quality, pain management, and stress management.
However, you and only you can judge if a product is right for you based on your lifestyle, job, hobbies, health issues, and desired effects. The best way to determine if a full-spectrum CBD product works for ou is to try it for a month. At the end of that time, you’ll have enough data to make an informed decision. You might want to switch from oil to gummies or vice versa to see the difference and try if for another 30 days.
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